David Livingstone, born March 19,BlantyreLanarkshire, Scotland—died May 1,Chitambo [now in Zambia]Scottish missionary and explorer who exercised a formative influence on Western attitudes toward Africa. Early life Livingstone grew up in a distinctively Scottish family environment of personal piety, poverty, hard work, zeal for education, and a sense of mission. His mother, a Lowlanderwas descended from a family of Covenantersa group of militant Presbyterians. Both were poor, and Livingstone was reared as one of seven children in a single room at the top of a tenement building for the workers of a cotton factory on the banks of the Clyde.
David Livingstone Quotes David Livingstone was a Scottish physician and possibly the greatest of all African missionaries, explorers, and antislavery advocates.
Before Livingstone, Africa's interior was almost entirely unknown to the outside world. Vague notions prevailed about its geography, fauna, flora, and human life. Livingstone dispelled much of this ignorance and opened up Africa's interior to further exploration.
David Livingstone was born on March 19,in Blantyre, coming from Highlanders on his father's side and Lowlanders on his mother's. The Livingstones were poor, so at the age of 10 David worked in the textile mills 14 hours a day, studying at night and on weekends.
After some hesitation he joined the Congregational Church of his father. In he entered the University of Glasgow to study medicine and theology, working during holidays to support himself. In he received his medical degree, was ordained, and was accepted by the London Missionary Society.
He had been influenced by Robert Moffat and the first Niger expedition to apply for service in Africa. After a day voyage Livingstone arrived in Cape Town on March 15, He reached Moffat's station, Kuruman, at the time the outpost of European penetration in southern Africa, on July But Livingstone soon moved north to the Khatla people.
It was here he permanently injured his left shoulder in an encounter with a lion. In he married Mary Moffat and settled farther north at Kolobeng.
On another journey, inLivingstone and Oswell discovered the Zambezi River. Returning to Kolobeng, he found that some Boers had destroyed his station, the last settled home he ever had. In December he set out to walk to the west coast. He reached Linyanti, in Barotseland, where Chief Sekeletu of the Makololo gave him 27 men to go with him.
They walked through hostile, unknown country, and after incredible hardship he reached Luanda on May 31, The British consul there nursed him back to health, but Livingstone refused passage back to England.
He had not found the hoped-for waterway, and he wanted to return the Makololo to their chief. Having been reequipped by the British and Portuguese in Luanda, he left on Sept. Sickness, rain, flooded rivers, and hostile tribes delayed him and forced him to spend all his equipment.
He was given fresh supplies and men by Sekeletu. On November 15 he reached the spectacular falls on the Zambezi, which the Africans called the "Smoke which Thunders" but which Livingstone named Victoria Falls in honor of the queen of England.David Livingstone Biography David Livingstone was a Scottish missionary, doctor and an explorer in Africa.
This biography profiles his childhood, life, Place Of Birth: Blantyre, South Lanarkshire, Scotland, UK. David Livingston is an American television producer and director. He is mostly known for his involvement in the writing and production of the various modern Star Trek franchises.
Livingston also has production credits on several episodes of Seven Days and Threshold as well as a television remake of Carrie. David Livingstone was born at Blantyre, south of Glasgow on 19 March At 10 he began working in the local cotton mill, with school lessons in the evenings.
In , he began studying medicine. Born on March 19, , in Blantyre, South Lanarkshire, Scotland, David Livingstone pursued training in medicine and missionary work before moving to Africa in Born: Mar 19, David Livingstone >David Livingstone () was a Scottish physician and possibly the >greatest of all African missionaries, explorers, and antislavery advocates.
Before Livingstone, Africa's interior was almost entirely unknown to the outside world. David Livingston is an American television producer and director. He is mostly known for his involvement in the writing and production of the various modern Star Trek franchises. Livingston also has production credits on several episodes of Seven Days and Threshold as well as a television remake of Carrie.