The Kouroukan Fouga divided the Mali Empire into ruling clans lineages that were represented at a great assembly called the Gbara.
History and varieties Literary Hindi, written in the Devanagari script, has been strongly influenced by Sanskrit. Its standard form is based on the Khari Boli dialectfound to the north and east of Delhi. Braj Bhashawhich was an important literary medium from the 15th to the 19th century, is often treated as a dialect of Hindi, as are Awadhi, Bagheli, Bhojpuri, Bundeli, Chhattisgarhi, Garhwali, Haryanawi, Kanauji, Kumayuni, Magahi, and Marwari.
Within this zone, the degree to which regional languages resemble standard Hindi varies considerably. Maithili—the easternmost regional language of the Hindi belt—bears more historical resemblance to Bengali than to standard Hindi. Likewise, Rajasthanithe westernmost language Democracy in india in hindi the belt, in some respects resembles Gujarati more than standard Hindi.
Nevertheless, the majority of speakers of these regional languages consider themselves to be speaking a Hindi dialect. Among other reasons, they note that these languages were grouped with Hindi by the British in an attempt to classify languages in the early days of British rule.
Furthermore, Hindi rather than one of the regional languages was chosen as the medium of instruction at the elementary-school level.
In large part as a result of this colonial policy, members of the urban middle class and educated villagers throughout the zone claim to be speakers of Hindi because the use of these regional languages or dialects in public venues—that is, outside the circle of family and close friends—is perceived as a sign of inadequate education.
In other words, speaking standard Hindi gives as much status to people in this region as speaking English gives in the south of India; both are treated as languages of upward social mobility.
Thus, people in search of new jobs, marriages, and the like must use standard Hindi in everyday communication. In many cases, young people now have only a passive knowledge of the regional languages.
Particularly since the s, the prevalence of mass media radio, television, and films and growing literacy have led to an increase in the number of native speakers of standard Hindi.
Occasionally there are demands for the formation of separate states for the speakers of one or another regional language. For instance, when the demand for the formation of a separate state of Maithili speakers was raised in Bihar in the s and s, there was a counterdemand for the recognition of Angika in eastern Bihar and Bajjika in northwestern Bihar.
The successful demands for forming the new states of Chhattisgarh from territory once in Madhya Pradesh and Uttaranchal from territory in Uttar Pradesh was more sociopolitical than linguistic. Grammar Sanskrit and the Prakrit and Apabhramsha languages—the precursors of Hindi—are nominally and verbally inflected.
In the nominal realm, the adjective agrees in number and gender with the noun that it qualifies. This is less the case for Hindi because it was greatly influenced by Persianin which the adjective does not change as a result of a number change in the noun.
Instead, Hindi indicates number agreement via postpositions—small words that appear after nouns and function much like English prepositions. Hindi has also reduced the number of genders to two masculine and femininewhereas other Sanskrit-based languages, such as Gujarati and Marathihave retained the neuter gender as well.The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi laying the Foundation Stone for various development projects, in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh.
India is the land of Budha. The worlds largest democracy India, officially called the Republic of India (in the regional language Hindi: भारत गणराज्य Bhārat Ga narājya) is a country in Asia. Learn Hindi.
Learn Hindi Alphabets, numbers and much more. An Online guide for your pre-schooler to start recognizing and writing Hindi. Jawaharlal Nehru death anniversary Highlights: Pranab Mukherjee lauds India’s first PM for his contribution to democracy Jawaharlal Nehru was India's first prime minister.
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The politics of India takes place within the framework of its constitution. India is a federal parliamentary democratic republic in which the President of India is the head of state and the Prime Minister of India is the head of government.
India follows the dual polity system.