Epistemology essay topics

Search Introduction to Objectivist Epistemology How do we know what we know? Is reason a reliable source of knowledge —or is it superseded by mystical revelation or emotional intuition?

Epistemology essay topics

What are the necessary and sufficient conditions for S to know that p? We may distinguish, broadly, between a traditional and a non-traditional approach to answering this question.

Epistemology essay topics

False propositions cannot be known. Therefore, knowledge requires truth. A proposition S doesn't even believe can't be a proposition that S knows. Therefore, knowledge requires belief. Finally, S's being correct in believing that p might merely be a matter of luck. Thus we arrive at a tripartite analysis of knowledge as JTB: S knows that p if and only if p is true and S is justified in believing that p.

According to this analysis, the three conditions — truth, belief, and justification — are individually necessary and jointly sufficient for knowledge. They diverge, however, as soon as we proceed to be more specific about exactly how justification is to fulfill this role.

According to TK, S's belief that p is true not merely because of luck when it is reasonable or rational, from S's own point of view, to take p to be true.

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According to evidentialism, what makes a belief justified in this sense is the possession of evidence. The basic idea is that a belief is justified to the degree it fits S's evidence. NTK, on the other hand, conceives of the role of justification differently.

Its job is to ensure that S's belief has a high objective probability of truth and therefore, if true, is not true merely because of luck.

One prominent idea is that this is accomplished if, and only if, a belief originates in reliable cognitive processes or faculties. This view is known as reliabilism. There are cases of JTB that do not qualify as cases of knowledge. JTB, therefore, is not sufficient for knowledge.

Cases like that — known as Gettier-cases[ 5 ] — arise because neither the possession of evidence nor origination in reliable faculties is sufficient for ensuring that a belief is not true merely because of luck.

Consider the well-known case of barn-facades: Henry drives through a rural area in which what appear to be barns are, with the exception of just one, mere barn facades. From the road Henry is driving on, these facades look exactly like real barns.

Henry happens to be looking at the one and only real barn in the area and believes that there's a barn over there.Epistemology, the philosophical study of the nature, origin, and limits of human plombier-nemours.com term is derived from the Greek epistēmē (“knowledge”) and logos (“reason”), and accordingly the field is sometimes referred to as the theory of knowledge.

Epistemology has a long history within Western philosophy, beginning with the . The Triune God: An Essay in Postliberal Theology [William C. Placher] on plombier-nemours.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. In this original, contemporary doctrine of the Trinity, William Placher places the history of theology in dialogue with postmodern philosophy and yields a provocative postliberal interpretation.

Placher deftly connects a radical view of God's transcendence with a narrative. Introduction to Objectivist Epistemology. How do we know what we know? Is reason a reliable source of knowledge—or is it superseded by mystical revelation or emotional intuition?

Can we be certain about our knowledge—or must we always remain in doubt? The Triune God: An Essay in Postliberal Theology [William C. Placher] on plombier-nemours.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

In this original, contemporary doctrine of the Trinity, William Placher places the history of theology in dialogue with postmodern philosophy and yields a provocative postliberal interpretation.

Placher deftly connects . -- Search for Books in Philosophy Writing Resources--Writing Resources--| Writing Philosophy | Calls For Papers | Writing Papers for Class | Admissions Essays | | Essay Samples | Teaching Writing | Style Books | Writing Tools |-- Calls for papers in Philosophy -- Search for Books in Philosophy Writing Resources--Writing Resources--| Writing Philosophy | Calls For Papers | Writing Papers for Class | Admissions Essays | | Essay Samples | Teaching Writing | Style Books | Writing Tools |-- Calls for papers in Philosophy

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