Their weapons were hunting rifles, shotguns, and home made bombs. The rising was accompanied by a broadcast from the FLN headquarters in Nasser's Egypt calling on Muslims in Algeria to join in a national struggle for the "restoration of the Algerian state, sovereign, democratic, and social, within the framework of the principles of Islam.
All three were involved in a heated debate about the French occupation of Algeria and its development, especially after the outset of the Algerian revolution at the end of An analysis of their stances on Algeria and on decolonization in general must take into account their differing backgrounds, experiences and schools.
Sartre represents the only one of the three who was born in the French motherland. He was a prominent exponent of existentialism which characterizes his approach to decolonization and his writings strongly criticize humanism or its lack of application in the colonies.
Albert Camus is an Algerian born writer and philosopher, who in received the Nobel Prize with the rational that "his work which, rich in ideas and filled with the spirit of freedom and the quest for truth, has exerted a far-reaching influence on our age. Like Sartre, Camus as well is called an existentialist- a title which, however, he refuses.
Frantz Fanon was born in the French colony of Martinique. The following paper will analyze the three approaches presented by these authors to decolonization, mainly concerning the example of Algeria and its battle for independence.
By means of several examples it will illustrate the similar or diverging opinions and attitudes of each one regarding the others. The writings of the politically active Fanon are about people, as individuals and their appearance as masses.
Contrary to Sartre, he is not a communist, but he understands the meaning and the power of masses for the liberation and the following setting of the state. First and foremost the liberation struggle creates a mostly homogenous mass, out of which almost every element is ready to die for the Algerian cause.
He cites the gradual participation of women in the fight as one proof for the readiness to combat and sacrifice, and also for the consensus of the masses.
Furthermore the broad rejection of all elements which the French aimed to introduce in order to split, weaken or also ingeniously improve the situation of the people, such as the radio, the battle against the veil or modern medical techniques, shows the unity and power of the masses.
He makes it very explicit: Grove Press,9.Written primarily from French military sources, this is a succinct treatment that covers conflicts other than Indochina and Algeria.
Conklin, Alice L., Sarah Fishman, and Robert Zaretsky. France and Its Empire since Jean Paul Sartre, Albert Camus and Frantz Fanon are three well-known intellectuals who extensively dealt with decolonization.
All three were involved in a heated debate about the French occupation of Algeria and its development, especially after the outset of the Algerian revolution at the end of › Forums › General Forum Announcements › In French Algeria An Essay On Cultural Conflict – This topic contains 0 replies, has 1 voice, and was last updated by gawebsterheloo 2 weeks ago.
For example, four years into the conflict a national poll showed a majority of the French people favored fighting to hold onto Algeria - even to the point of integrating Algeria into the French.
Decolonisation was made more difficult because Algeria was a settler colony that had the invested interests of the French elite. France's involvement in Algeria affected the Fourth Republic and from an international perspective the . Berlin, Isaiah. "Nationalism: Past Neglect and Present Power." In Against the Current: Essays in the History of "Taking Off the Cold War Lens: Visions of North-South Conflict During the Algerian War for Independence." American Eye-Witness Reactions to the First Phase of the French War of Decolonization in Indochina, Les Temps Modernes.