That same day, the front page of the New York Times reported: A pattern took hold: The official story was that North Vietnamese torpedo boats launched an "unprovoked attack" against a U. The truth was very different.
This proof stemmed from the discovery of a cache of weapons found floating in a junk off the coast of central Vietnam. Black propaganda was when the US Government spoke in the voice of the enemy, and there is a very famous example.
In the CIA loaded up a junk, a North Vietnamese junk, with communist weapons — the Agency maintains communist arsenals in the United States and around the world. They floated this junk off the coast of Central Vietnam. Then they shot it up and made it look like a fire fight had taken place.
Based on this evidence two Marine battalion landing teams went into Danang and a week after that the American air force began regular bombing of North Vietnam. The scale of American bombing in the mids, both in the North and South, together with the American-directed terror of the South, eventually persuaded Ho Chi Minh to send regular army units south in support of those South Vietnamese opposing the American invasion.
The official version which most are familiar with, is quite different to the above. Pilger comments on this difference: This was not how propaganda in the United States explained the origins of the war.
Neither is it how many people remember the war today. In the opinion poll quoted at the beginning of this chapter, in which more than a third of those questioned expressed confusion as to who were our alliesalmost two-thirds said they were aware that the United States had sided with South Vietnam.
As Noam Chomsky has pointed out, this is the equivalent of being aware that Nazi Germany sided with France in and the Soviet Union now sides with Afghanistan.
The accredited version of events has not changed. It is that non-communist South Vietnam was invaded by communist North Vietnam and that the United States came to the aid of the democratic regime in the South.
This of course is untrue, as documentation I have touched upon makes clear. That Ho Chi Minh waited so long before sending a regular force to assist the American attacks seems, in retrospect, extraordinary; or perhaps it was a testament to the strength and morale of those South Vietnamese who had taken up arms in defence of their villages and their homeland.
In the American counter-insurgency adviser, John Paul Vann, wrote in a memorandum addressed to his superiors in Washington that a popular political base for Government of South Vietnam does not now exist and the majority of the people in South Vietnam primarily identified with the National Liberation Front.
That the end result was costly is an understatement: During those years the United States dispatched its greatest ever land army to Vietnam, and dropped the greatest tonnage of bombs in the history of warfare, and pursued a military strategy deliberately designed to force millions of people to abandon their homes, and used chemicals in a manner which profoundly changed the environmental and genetic order, leaving a once bountiful land petrified.
At least 1, people were killed and many more were maimed and otherwise ruined; 58, of these were Americans and the rest were Vietnamese. As the 20th anniversary approached, the government of Vietnam released new figures on casualties, generally accepted here and conforming to earlier estimates.
Hanoi reported that 2 million civilians had been killed, the overwhelming majority in the south, along with 1. It listed an additionalmissing in action. Washington reportskilled in the army of its client regime South Vietnam. Tens if not hundreds of thousands more were killed in Laos, mainly by U.
Smith and Noam Chomsky, cited above, described, one of the core aspects of this war and the cold war ideology in general was to try and contain the breaks for freedom of various nations and to ensure successful independent development was minimized, for fear of what Eisenhower had called the domino effect.
William Blum, who worked at the State Department in the s, and is now an investigative journalist summarizes the effect of the Vietnam war: Most people believe that the US lost the war. But by destroying Vietnam to its core, by poisoning the earth, the water and the gene pool for generations, Washington had in fact achieved its primary purpose:Tomorrow, 7 August is the day Americans mark the anniversary of the Gulf of Tonkin resolution.
This was the sole legal basis upon which hundreds of thousands of soldiers were sent to fight in faraway Vietnam. The Gulf of Tonkin Incident and many more recent experiences only reinforce the need for intelligence analysts and decision makers to avoid relying exclusively on any single intelligence source—even SIGINT—particularly if other intelligence sources are available .
The American media’s tendency for replicating official government propaganda as a means of justifying US government-initiated warfare, has a long established history that pre-dates Iraq by at least 40 years.
Tomorrow, 7 August is the day Americans mark the anniversary of the Gulf of Tonkin resolution. This was the sole legal basis upon which hundreds of thousands of soldiers were sent to . 35 comments for “ US Media as Conduits of Propaganda ” or participated in a government or privately contracted Psy Ops media propaganda program.
(Gulf of Tonkin, Iran , Guatemala. The Tonkin Gulf Resolution, essentially unchallenged by a Congress that believed it was an appropriate response to unprovoked, aggressive, and deliberate attacks on U.S.
vessels on the high seas, would open the floodgates for direct American military involvement in Vietnam.