Confucianism is an ethic of moral uprightness, social order, and filial responsibility. Daoism was a philosophy of universal harmony that urged its practitioners not to get too involved in worldly affairs. Legalism is a theory of autocratic, centralized rule and harsh penalties. These three philosophies influenced early Chinese empires; some even became official state ideologies.
One of the most famous accomplishments of Athens was their development of Democracy for the first time in ancient history. Their governmental system forms the backbone of modern day Democracies.
In order to defend their Democracy, Athens needed a military; they chose to develop a naval army. Han and greek dbq ship design helped them to defeat Persia and defend themselves, until succumbing to plague, from Sparta.
He brought the people together under one rule and they named their new city Athens after Athena, the Greek Goddess of wisdom and strategy. Athens started out as an aristocracy lead by a few of the richest land owners.
Solon gave power to the lower class by allowing them to vote for which aristocrat would make the laws and rule over them. After the Persian Wars, Athens formed a trade league with many other city-states in Greece, excluding Sparta and some of the smaller city-states, called the Delian League.
During this time, Athens went through a golden age of art and philosophy. Pericles funded the building of several national wonders including the Parthenon; Aristotle, Plato, and Socrates developed philosophical ideas; Hippocrates developed medicines and doctoring; and Thucydides wrote history.
Athens was able to annihilate Sparta for a short time because of their mastery of the sea, but shortly after, they were struck with a devastating plague that wiped out more than one-third of the Athenian population.
Athenian Democracy Athens was the first civilization in history to develop a democracy.
It took the people of Athens several thousand years and many rulers to get it right, but they eventually did in BCE when Cleithenes took power and put it in place. This is important because all other democratic countries in the world today have based their government at least partially on the democracy developed in Athens.
Democracy also helped the people of Athens by giving them the right to vote, and more over, think without being persecuted. This gave rise to the golden age in Athens and the development of many modern sciences and philosophies, such as medicine and the scientific method.
This also, sadly, made a lot of the other city-states around Athens want to take it over. However, this innovation did make Athens all around a better place to live for everyone in it.
The Trireme The invention of the Trireme allowed Athens to gain a head up opposed to most cultures around it. A trireme was feet long, 18 feet wide, and it would have three rows of oars stacked on top of each other on both sides of the ship.
There were rowers on a single trireme, therefore the trireme could move very quickly throughout the seas around Athens, and they were very strong with a large projection coming out of the front of the ship.
Because of the many rowers, triremes could move easily throughout any naval battlefield; also, because of their nose projection, triremes could be used to ram other ships. The trireme gave Athens power over all sea trade around her. The faster, better moving ship allowed Athens to trade with more civilizations around it, not to mention taxing them to trade, and that brought in more money; they used this money to finance the construction of more triremes, of which they had a growing fleet of Also, because Athens is located in a mountainous area, it needed supplies and food from others areas such as Asia Minor; they were able to control and trade with their colonies there who cultivated crops for them in exchange for olives and other luxury resources.
Also, the trireme allows Athens to dominate other cultures around it. Athens controls not only sea trade, but the sea in general because of their ships. They defeat Persia because of them on several occasions; one such occasion being the Battle of Salamis in which a colossal fleet of Persian warships are defeated by a few Athenian triremes.
The trireme also allows Athens to blockade Sparta during the Peloponnesian War, effectively cutting them off from supplies. Athens was not only a place of great philosophical minds, but of great military minds as well.Athens Overview. The city of Athens was a city-state in the middle of the Mediterranean Sea on the Greek Peninsula founded in about BCE by Theseus, the king who united the mountainous villages that became Athens.
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